Empoderando a las mujeres fugitivas: una lucha contra la violencia

  • Tahira Iram The Superior University Lahore, Pakistan
  • Ahmad Raza Bilal The Superior University Lahore, Pakistan
  • Sajida Parveen The Superior University Lahore, Pakistan
Palabras clave: empoderamiento, fugitivo, mujeres, violencia, abusos

Resumen

Este artículo investiga los factores detrás de las mujeres fugitivas y el fenómeno sin explotar de las estructuras familiares donde se informan tales incidentes. Utilizamos un concepto más amplio de empoderamiento de las mujeres para explorar las causas fugitivas a través de la provisión de vida, empleos asalariados, educación, servicios médicos y de salud en la población destinataria. Los encuestados son seleccionados de los hogares de acogida de la provincia de Punjab en Pakistán, donde se recopilan datos a través de entrevistas en profundidad de las mujeres fugitivas y la gestión de diferentes hogares de refugio. La transformación de los datos se realiza mediante análisis temático. Nuestro resultado indica que la violencia doméstica, los abusos físicos y sexuales, las amenazas a la vida y los matrimonios forzados son las razones del fugitivo de las mujeres. La administración de las casas de acogida agregó que el analfabetismo y el papel destructivo percibido de los medios son las causas adicionales de los incidentes fugitivos. Nuestros resultados proporcionan información importante sobre el contexto de las mujeres fugitivas en las sociedades en desarrollo. En consecuencia, existe una necesidad inmediata de que el gobierno y las agencias de política social tomen medidas cohesivas para apoyar a las mujeres socialmente afectadas en su puerta para minimizar dicha violencia social.

Descargas

La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.

Citas

Ali, P. A., & Gavino, M. I. B. (2008). Violence against women in Pakistan: a framework for Analysis. Journal-Pakistan Medical Association, 58(4), 198-202

Ali, S., & Pervaiz, F. S. S. J. Z. (2017). Women of North Pakistan in the Line of Domestic Violence. Research on humanities and social sciences, 7(3).

Aratani, Y. (2009). Homeless children and youth: Causes and consequences. National Center for Children in Poverty. Retrieved April, 19, 2010.

Ausikaitis, A. E. (2014). Empowering homeless youth in transitional living programs: A transformative mixed methods approach to understanding their transition to adulthood.

Bagalman, E., Fernandes-Alcantara, A. L., Heisler, E. J., McCallion, G., McCarthy, F. X., & Sacco, L. N. (2014). Homelessness: Targeted Federal Programs and Recent Legislation. Congressional research service.

BG, R. S., & Gadkar, R. D. Family Factors and Runaway Missing Children: A Review of Theories and Research. International journal of management research and social sciences, 2(4), 115-119.

Butt, L. (2001). " AN EPIDEMIC OF RUNAWAY WIVES": Discourses by Dani Men on Sex and Marriage in Highlands Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Crossroads: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 15(1), 55-87.

DiCicco‐Bloom, B., & Crabtree, B. F. (2006). The qualitative research interview. Medical education, 40(4), 314-321.

Dobash, R. E., & Dobash, R. (1979). Violence against wives: A case against the patriarchy (pp. 179-206). New York: Free Press.

Duflo, E. (2012). Women empowerment and economic development. Journal of Economic Literature, 50(4), 1051-79.

Edinburgh, L., Huemann, E., & Saewyc, E. (2012). The 10-Question Tool: a novel screening instrument for runaway youth. Journal of juvenile justice, 1(2), 80-94.

Farrow, J. A., Deisher, R. W., Brown, R., Kulig, J. W., & Kipke, M. D. (1992). Health and health needs of homeless and runaway youth: A position paper of the Society for Adolescent Medicine. Journal of Adolescent Health, 13(8), 717-726.

Gordon, P. (2015). runaway women letters runaway women brooke at bryn mawr brother love, 2(3), 26–27.

Hadi, A. (2017). Patriarchy and Gender-Based Violence in Pakistan. European Journal of Social Sciences Education and Research, 10(2), 297-304.

State of Human Rights (2015). Human Rights Commission Pakistan, 21(2), 1–18. Retrieved from http://hrcp-web.org/hrcpweb/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/Women_12.pdf

Heise, L. L. (1998). Violence against women: an integrated, ecological framework. Violence against women, 4(3), 262-290

Horkheimer, M. (1982). Critical theory (p. 188). New York, NY: Continuum.

Hussain, A., & Afzal, H. (2013). Exploring the Issue of'Run-Away Women'in Pakistan-A Call for Social and Legal Change. Journal of law and social italic research, 4, 59-72

Jibeen, T. (2014). From home to shelter home: Victimization of young women in Pakistan. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science/Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement, 46(4), 475.

Karmaliani, R., Asad, N., Khan, K. S., Bawani, S., Ali, T. S., Jones, N., Gupta, T.,Allana, A., Maqbool, H., Walker, D. (2017). Understanding intimate partner violence in Pakistan through a male lens. Overseas development institute, Agha Khan University.

Khan, M., & Ahmed, A. (2016). The Protection against Harassment of Women at the Workplace Act 2010: A Legislative Review, (September), 91–99.

Kurien, P. A. (2001). Speaking the Unspeakable: Marital Violence among South Asian Immigrants in the United States. Social forces, 79(4), 154-1543.

Kurth, J. (1988). Wayward Wenches and Wives: Runaway Women in the Hudson Valley, NY, 1785-1830. NWSA Journal, 199-220.

Mahoney, P., & Williams, L. M. (1998). Sexual assault in marriage: Prevalence, consequences, and treatment of wife rape. Partner Violence: A Comprehensive Review of 20 Years of Research, 113-163.

Mendelson, Tamar, Alezandria K. Turner, and S. Darius Tandon. Violence exposure and depressive symptoms among adolescents and young adults disconnected from school and work. Journal of Community Psychology, 38( 5), 607-621.

Minnesota Department of Human Services. (n.d.). Homeless and Runaway Youth.

Mustafa, G. (2017). An Analysis of Women Rights in Pakistan : Theory and Practice, 3(I), 147–159.

Painter, K. (1991). Wife rape in the United Kingdom. A paper presented at the American Society of Criminology. Retrieved December, 13, 2013.

Pakeeza, S. (2015). Domestic Violence Laws and Practices in Pakistan. VFAST Transactions on Education and Social Sciences, 6(1).

Rashid, A. (2016). Pakistan , Women Rights and the Clergy – A Case Study of the Punjab Protection Against Violence Act 2016.

Samarakoon, S., & Parinduri, R. A. (2015). Does education empower women? Evidence from Indonesia. World Development, 66, 428-442.

Straus, M. A. (1994). State-to-state differences in social inequality and social bonds in relation to assaults on wives in the United States. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 25(1),7-24.

Tanekenov, A. (2013). Empowering homeless people through employment?: the experience of British social enterprises and lessons for Kazakhstan (Doctoral dissertation, Heriot-Watt University).

Tongco, M. D. C. (2007). Purposive sampling as a tool for informant selection. Ethnobotany Research and applications, 5, 147-158.

Tonsing, J., & Barn, R. (2017). Intimate partner violence in South Asian communities: Exploring the notion of ‘shame’to promote understandings of migrant women’s experiences. International social work, 60(3), 628-639.

Wimpelmann, T. (2017). University of California Press. Runaway Women Book, (May 2018).

Yang, E. C. L., Khoo-Lattimore, C., & Arcodia, C. (2018). Power and empowerment: How Asian solo female travellers perceive and negotiate risks. Tourism Management, 68, 32-45.

Yodanis, C. L. (2004). Gender inequality, violence against women, and fear: A cross-national test of the feminist theory of violence against women. Journal of interpersonal violence, 19(6), 655-675.

Publicado
2019-06-30
Cómo citar
Iram, T., Raza Bilal , A., & Parveen, S. (2019). Empoderando a las mujeres fugitivas: una lucha contra la violencia. Religación. Revista De Ciencias Sociales Y Humanidades, 4(16), 396-406. Recuperado a partir de http://revista.religacion.com/index.php/about/article/view/254