Hacia la declaración de ingresos, gastos y bienes por parte de funcionarios públicos: práctica rusa y experiencia extranjera

  • Tatyana Volkogon Altai State University, Russian Federation
  • Alexander Molotov Altai State University, Russian Federation
Palabras clave: la lucha contra la corrupción, el control sobre los ingresos, la propiedad y las obligaciones de carácter de propiedad, el funcionario público, el diputado, la declaración, la formación municipal.

Resumen

El artículo proporciona un análisis legal comparativo de la experiencia existente de países extranjeros (EE. UU., Canadá, Alemania, Corea del Sur, Francia y Ucrania) en el campo de la regulación legal de la provisión por parte de funcionarios públicos de estos países de información sobre ingresos, gastos y propiedad, revela características comunes y distintivas de esta regulación legal, así como algunas tendencias en relación con las cuales se extrajeron ciertas conclusiones. Se presta especial atención al procedimiento y las peculiaridades de la campaña de declaración en la Federación de Rusia. Las mayores dificultades han surgido en la práctica en relación con la extensión de la obligación de informar sobre los ingresos, gastos, bienes y pasivos de carácter inmobiliario a los diputados de los organismos representativos de los municipios, incluidos aquellos que ejercen sus poderes de manera ad hoc. El artículo analiza los problemas que han surgido en relación con esta situación, y considera formas específicas de superar estos problemas.

Descargas

La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.

Citas

Anonymous. (2010). How other countries control the income of officials. Available from; http://krizis-kopilka.ru/archives/10203/
Anonymous. (2012). Is it good to have a house abroad? Available from: https://rg.ru/2012/08/15/za-granizei.html/
Anonymous. (2015). Regional deputies do not declare their income, enjoying impunity. Available from: http://www.rosbalt.ru/federal/2015/05/07/1396013.html/
Anonymous. (2016a). In Velskiy Raion, four deputies resigned early. Available from: https://region29.ru/2016/09/19/57dfc5ac2817cafa 7400834d.html/
Anonymous. (2016b). Purse or power. Available from: https://rg.ru/2016/11/30/reg-urfo/zaurale-deputaty-otkazalis-deklarirovat-dohody.html/
Anonymous. (2016c). For concealment of income they want to deprive three deputies of the Berdsk City Council. Available from: http://www.kurer-sreda.ru/2016/05/11/231174-za-sokrytie-doxodov-xotyat-lishit-polnomochij-trex-deputatov-gorsoveta-berdska/
Anonymous. (2016d). The court took the crust from the deputies of the Altai municipality. Available from: https://www.bankfax.ru/news/104992/
Anonymous. (2017a). Just refused. Available from: http://www.ksonline.ru/228496/prosto-otkazalis/
Anonymous. (2017b). The head of Yaroslavl's Duma was deprived of his authority for an undeclared garage. Available from: https://lenta.ru/news/2017/05/03/duma/
Anonymous. (2017c). Due to loss of trust. Available from: http://kuzpress.ru/politics/19-01-2017/50390.html/
Anonymous. (2017d). Local MPs hide revenues. Available from: https://www.oblgazeta.ru/politics/28667/
Balisacan, R. (2018). Mandatory Asset Declarations Reduce Corruption? And If So, How? Available from: https://globalanticorruptionblog.com/2018/01/08/do-mandatory-asset-declarations-reduce-corruption-and-if-so-how/
Bobkov, S.P. (2013). Publication of information on the income of heads of municipal entities. Legality, 11, 13–14.
Bourdillon, Y. (2017). Transparence des élus a minima en Occident. Available from: https://www.lesechos.fr/verif.php?url=/monde/transparence-des-elus-a-minima-en-occident-0202690414086.htm&url=/international/transparence-des-elus-a-minima-en-occident-0202690414086.htm/
Burdescu, R., Reid, G. J., Gilman, S., Trapnell, S. (2009). Income and Asset Declarations: Tools and Trade-offs. Stolen Asset Recovery. (StAR) Initiative. 1 Available from: https://www.unodc.org/documents/corruption/Publications/StAR/StAR/StAR_Publication_-_Income_and_Asset_Declarations.pdf/
Channov, S.E. (2009). Provision of information on income. Russian Justice. 4, 5-6.
Collection of legislation of the Russian Federation. (1995). № 31, Art. 2990.
Collection of legislation of the Russian Federation. (2003). № 40, Art. 3822.
Collection of legislation of the Russian Federation. (2006). № 26, Art. 2780
Collection of legislation of the Russian Federation. (2008). № 52(1), Art. 6228.
Collection of legislation of the Russian Federation. (2009). № 21, Art. 2542.
Collection of legislation of the Russian Federation. (2012). № 50(4), Art. 6953.
Collection of legislation of the Russian Federation. (2015). № 45, Art. 6204.
Collection of legislation of the Russian Federation. (2017). № 15(1), Art. 2139.
Collection of legislation of the Russian Federation. (2019). № 30, Art. 4153.
Corruption Perceptions Index. (2018). Summary. World Map. Highlights. The CPI in Detail. Available from: https://www.transparency.org/cpi2018/
Draft Federal Law. (2018). No. 1118708-6. On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation. SPS "ConsultantPlus".
Filatova, A.O. (2016). Presentation of Information on Income and Property of Deputies as Another Restriction of the Freedom of Deputy Mandate of the Representative Body of Local Self-Government. State Duma and local self-government, 10, 18-22.
Gae, O.P. (2008). Korea's policies and instruments to manage conflicts of interest, ADB/OECD Anti-corruption Initiative for Asia and the Pacific, Manila. Available from: http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/5/9/39368038.pdf/
Global Corruption Report. (2006). Transparency International. Kotalik J., Rodriguez, D. (Ed.). Available from: https://www.transparency.org/whatwedo/publication/global_corruption_report_2006_corruption_and_health/
Greenberg, T. S., Samuel, L. M., Grant, W., Gray, L. (2009). Stolen Asset Recovery. A Good Practices Guide for Non-Conviction Based Asset Forfeiture. Washington.
Jenkins, M. (2015). Topic guide on income and asset disclosure. Available from: https://www.transparency.org/files/content/corruptionqas/Topic_Guide_ Income_and_Asset_Disclosure.pdf/
Khorunzhiy, S.N., Beketova, S.M. (2013). Restrictions and duties of deputies of legislative (representative) bodies of state power of the subjects of the Russian Federation in the field of combating corruption. Constitutional and municipal law, 6, 38–40.
Law of the Republic of Latvia on Personal Income Tax. (1993). Available from: https://www.baltikon.lv/uploaded_files/z_ pnn-2013ru.pdf/
Law of Ukraine. (2011). No. 1506/1. On the Fundamentals of Preventing and Combating Corruption (2011). Available from http://www.president.gov.ua/ru/documents/9615.html/
Levakin, I.V. (2012). On declaring data on expenditures by public officials. Legal problems of combating corruption: Proceedings of the international scientific-practical conference. Moscow: Jurisprudence.
Messick, R. (2009). Income and Assets Declarations: Issues to Consider in Developing a Disclosure Regime. U4 ISSUE 2009:6. Available from: https://www.u4.no/publications/income-and-assets-declarations-issues-to-consider-in-developing-a-disclosure-regime.pdf/
Municipal deputies ask the State Duma to explain how to punish those who failed to submit income declarations. Available from: http://kvedomosti.com/448862-municipalnye-deputaty-prosyat-u-gosdumy-razyasneniy-kak-nakazyvat-ne-sdavshih-deklaracii-o-dohodah.html/
Ninenko, S.I. (2012). Declarations on income, assets and liabilities of a property nature of public officials. Application in Russia and the World. Book 1. E. G. Yasin (Ed.). Moscow. Publishing House of the National Research University Higher School of Economics.
Peters, G. (1997). Policy Transfers Between Governments: The Case of Administrative Reforms. West European Politics, 20, 71–88.
Peters, G. (2008). The Napoleonik Tradition. International Journal of Publik Sektor Management, 21(2), 118-132.
Savran, O., Gaika, I., Cardona, F., Bertok, J., Kalnins, V., Stefan, L., Khavanska, T. (2011). OECD (2011), Asset Declarations for Public Officials: A Tool to Prevent Corruption. OECD Publishing. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264095281-en/
Sofronova, E.V. (2012). Performance by civil and municipal servants of the duty to provide information on income. State power and local self-government, 10, 29-31.
Values and Ethics Code for the Public Service. (2003). Available from: http://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/pubs_pol/hrpubs/tb_851/vec-cve-eng.pdf/
Publicado
2019-09-30
Cómo citar
Tatyana Volkogon, & Alexander Molotov. (2019). Hacia la declaración de ingresos, gastos y bienes por parte de funcionarios públicos: práctica rusa y experiencia extranjera. Religación. Revista De Ciencias Sociales Y Humanidades, 4(19). Recuperado a partir de http://revista.religacion.com/index.php/about/article/view/522