Do Happy Nations tiende a producir más emprendedores: un estudio en perspectiva global

  • Muhammad Sajjad COMSATS University Islamabad
  • Muhammad Irfan COMSATS University Islamabad
  • Orangzab COMSATS University Islamabad
  • Asad Afzal Humayon COMSATS University Islamabad
  • Rao Aamir Khan COMSATS University Islamabad
Palabras clave: felicidad, globalización, emprendedores, emprendimiento, crecimiento

Resumen

El estudio se basa en la conjetura de que la felicidad aumentada mejora el crecimiento del espíritu empresarial y que las naciones felices tienden a producir un mayor número de empresarios. Además de la felicidad, este estudio también mide el efecto de la globalización en el emprendimiento. Para este mismo propósito, la felicidad y la globalización han retrocedido con el espíritu empresarial. La teoría de la satisfacción del deseo se ha utilizado para explicar la relación de felicidad, globalización y emprendimiento. Para verificar los supuestos establecidos, se probaron datos de 125 países del mundo. Los datos del Índice de globalización (IG), el Índice de felicidad (HI) y el Índice de emprendimiento global (GEI) se extrajeron del Índice de globalización KOF 2017, el Informe de felicidad mundial 2017 y el Índice de emprendimiento global 2017, respectivamente. Se observó que los países con puntaje más alto en felicidad y globalización también tenían puntaje más alto en GEI. Se encuentra que la relación es altamente significativa y positiva. Se sugiere que los países que deseen promover emprendimientos empresariales no se centren solo en medidas convencionales de crecimiento como el PIB, sino que también se enfoquen en la expansión a través de la globalización e inviertan para la satisfacción y la felicidad de su gente.

Descargas

La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.

Citas

Acs, Z. (2006). How is entrepreneurship good for economic growth? innovations, 1(1), 97-107.

Acs, Z. J., Szerb, L., & Lloyd, A. (2017). The global entrepreneurship and development index Global Entrepreneurship and Development Index 2017 ( 29-53): Springer.

Al Mamun, A., Fazal, S. A., & Muniady, R. (2019). Entrepreneurial knowledge, skills, competencies and performance: A study of micro-enterprises in Kelantan, Malaysia. Asia Pacific Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship.

Audretsch, D. B., & Belitski, M. (2015). Is Happiness Conducive to Entrepreneurship? Exploring Subjective Well-Being–Entrepreneurship Relationship across Major European Cities. Henley Centre for Entrepreneurship.

Bartley, T. (2007). Institutional emergence in an era of globalization: The rise of transnational private regulation of labor and environmental conditions. American Journal of Sociology, 113(2), 297-351. doi:10.1086/518871

Baylis, J., Owens, P., & Smith, S. (2017). The globalization of world politics: An introduction to international relations: Oxford University Press.

Benz, M., & Frey, B. S. (2008). Being independent is a great thing: Subjective evaluations of self-employment and hierarchy. Economica, 75(298), 362-383. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0335.2007.00594.x

Bhasin, B., & Ng, L. K. (2019). Socio Cultural Impediments to Entrepreneurship: Implications for the Lao People's Democratic Republic. Journal of Entrepreneurship, Business and Economics, 7(1), 64-91.

Bhasin, B. B., & Venkataramany, S. (2010). Globalization of entrepreneurship: Policy considerations for SME development in Indonesia. The International Business & Economics Research Journal, 9(4), 95.

Blanchflower, D., & Oswald, A. (1992). Entrepreneurship, happiness and supernormal returns: Evidence from Britain and the US. Retrieved from

Bremner, R. H. (2008). Theories of Happiness-On the Origins of Happiness and Our Contemporary Conception.

Carree, M. A., & Thurik, A. R. (2003). The impact of entrepreneurship on economic growth Handbook of entrepreneurship research (pp. 437-471): Springer.

Dreher, A. (2006). Does globalization affect growth? Evidence from a new index of globalization. Applied Economics, 38(10), 1091-1110.

Dreher, A., Gaston, N., & Martens, P. (2008). Measuring globalisation: Gauging its consequences: Springer Science & Business Media.

EdRoyzman, M. E. P. S. a. (2003). Authentic Happiness. Retrieved from https://www.authentichappiness.sas.upenn.edu/newsletters/authentichappiness/happiness

El Harbi, S., & Grolleau, G. (2012). Does self-employment contribute to national happiness? The Journal of Socio-Economics, 41(5), 670-676.

Estanesti, S., & Vazifeh, Z. (2017). The Relationship between conservatism and economic criteria, assessing financial performance of listed companies In Tehran Stock Exchange (2010-2014) . UCT Journal of Management and Accounting Studies, 5(2), 20-24.

Etemad, H., & Wright, R. W. (2003). Globalization and entrepreneurship: policy and strategy perspectives: Edward Elgar Publishing.

Gries, T., & Naudé, W. (2011). Entrepreneurship and human development: A capability approach. Journal of Public Economics, 95(3-4), 216-224.

Heathwood, C. (2006). Desire satisfactionism and hedonism. Philosophical Studies, 128(3), 539-563.

Helliwell, J. F., Huang, H., & Wang, S. (2017). The Social Foundations of World Happiness. WORLD HAPPINESS REPORT 2017, 8.

KOF, P. R. (2017). KOF Index of Globalization 2017: Netherlands Are the Most Globalized Country. Retrieved from https://www.kof.ethz.ch/en/news-and-events/media/press-releases/2017/04/kof-globalization-index-2017.html

Levie, J., Autio, E., Acs, Z., & Hart, M. (2014). Global entrepreneurship and institutions: an introduction. Small Business Economics, 42(3), 437-444.

Levitt, T. (1993). The globalization of markets. Readings in international business: a decision approach, 249.

Man, T. W., Lau, T., & Chan, K. (2002). The competitiveness of small and medium enterprises: A conceptualization with focus on entrepreneurial competencies. Journal of business venturing, 17(2), 123-142.

Marques, C. G., Manso, A., Ferreira, A. P., Morgado, F., & Gaspar, M. (2017). Learning Information Systems: Designing Education Programs Using Letrinhas. Journal of Information Systems Engineering & Management, 2(1), 6. https://doi.org/10.20897/jisem.201706

Martín-Montaner, J., Serrano-Domingo, G., & Requena-Silvente, F. (2018). Networks and self-employed migrants. Small Business Economics, 51(3), 735-755.

Mitchelmore, S., & Rowley, J. (2010). Entrepreneurial competencies: a literature review and development agenda. International journal of entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 16(2), 92-111.

Naude, W., Amoros, J. E., & Cristi, O. (2014). "Surfeiting, the appetite may sicken": entrepreneurship and happiness. Small Business Economics, 42(3), 523-540. doi:10.1007/s11187-013-9492-x

Naudé, W., Amorós, J. E., & Cristi, O. (2014). “Surfeiting, the appetite may sicken”: entrepreneurship and happiness. Small Business Economics, 42(3), 523-540.

Nightingale, P., & Coad, A. (2013). Muppets and gazelles: political and methodological biases in entrepreneurship research. Industrial and Corporate Change, 23(1), 113-143.

Nikolaev, B., Boudreaux, C. J., & Wood, M. (2019). Entrepreneurship and subjective well-being: The mediating role of psychological functioning. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 1042258719830314.

Oosterbeek, H., Van Praag, M., & Ijsselstein, A. (2010). The impact of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurship skills and motivation. European economic review, 54(3), 442-454.

Oswald, A. J. (1997). Happiness and economic performance. The economic journal, 107(445), 1815-1831.

Parks, A. (2017). What is Happiness, Anyway? Retrieved from http://my.happify.com/hd/what-is-happiness-anyway/

Sachs, J. D., Layard, R., & Helliwell, J. F. (2018). World Happiness Report 2018. Retrieved from

Saidakhmedovna, U. D. (2016). UZBEK “MOTAM YOR-YOR” SONGS. UCT Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities Research, 4(4), 17-20

Sadeghpour, F., Far, M. G., Khah, A. R., & Akbardokht Amiri, M. A. (2017). Marketing Strategic Planning and Choosing the Right Strategy using AHP Technique (Case Study: Ghavamin Bank Mazandaran). Dutch Journal of Finance and Management, 1(2), 45. https://doi.org/10.29333/djfm/5821

Shane, S., & Venkataraman, S. (2000). The promise of entrepreneurship as a field of research. Academy of management review, 25(1), 217-226.

Soriano, D. R., & Dobon, S. R. (2009). Linking globalization of entrepreneurship in small organizations. Small Business Economics, 32(3), 233-239.

Sun, X., & Xu, H. (2019). Role Shifting Between Entrepreneur and Tourist: A Case Study on Dali and Lijiang, China. Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, 1-15.

Tabaka, M. (2018). Why Entrepreneurs Have the Upper Hand on Happiness. Retrieved from https://www.inc.com/marla-tabaka/why-entrepreneurs-have-the-upper-hand-on-happiness.html

Urbano, D., Aparicio, S., & Audretsch, D. B. (2019). Social Progress Orientation, Entrepreneurship and Economic Development Institutions, Entrepreneurship, and Economic Performance (pp. 107-129): Springer.

Van Stel, A., Carree, M., & Thurik, R. (2005). The effect of entrepreneurial activity on national economic growth. Small Business Economics, 24(3), 311-321.

Veenhoven, R. (2004). Happiness as an aim in public policy: The greatest happiness principle.

Veenhoven, R. (2009). How do we assess how happy we are? Tenets, implications and tenability of three theories. Happiness, economics and politics, 45-69.

Publicado
2019-09-30
Cómo citar
Muhammad Sajjad, Muhammad Irfan, Orangzab, Asad Afzal Humayon, & Rao Aamir Khan. (2019). Do Happy Nations tiende a producir más emprendedores: un estudio en perspectiva global. Religación. Revista De Ciencias Sociales Y Humanidades, 4(19), 1051-1057. Recuperado a partir de http://revista.religacion.com/index.php/about/article/view/736