Religación. Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades <p>RELIGACIÓN. Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades (ISSN 2477-9083), it is in charge of disseminating scientific research works produced by the different working groups, as well as works by external national and international researchers, under a double blind review system. Religación is a journal that publishes four regular issues (March, June, September and December) and &nbsp;sometimes special numbers depending on the thematic proposal.</p> <p>It is a journal based in Quito, Ecuador, manages areas that are related to Political Science, Education, Religion, Philosophy, Anthropology, Sociology, History and other related, with a global focus.</p> <p>It is aimed at professionals, researchers, teachers, and doctoral students from the various branches of the Social Sciences and Humanities.</p> <p>We have 5 sections: <strong>Dossier, General, Photoessay, South-South, and Reviews</strong></p> <p>Frequency: quarterly (March, June, September and December) and &nbsp;sometimes special numbers depending on the thematic proposal.</p> <div id="gtx-trans" style="position: absolute; left: 644px; top: 12px;"> <div class="gtx-trans-icon">&nbsp;</div> </div> en-US (Roberto Simbaña) (Administrador) Tue, 22 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Two designs of the Critical Theory. A cultural scientific look <p>The article starts from the assumption that theories have different <em>designs</em>. By <em>theoretical design</em> I mean the way in which a theory presents itself to the outside world. One of the particularities of Critical Theory is that it seeks to insert itself into the not exclusively academic world, always aspiring to have an impact on the political and social realities. However, the degree of success depends not only on the will of the respective theorists, but also on the theoretical designs. Here I will distinguish two. While the normative design, represented above all by Jürgen Habermas and Axel Honneth, is limited to an academic field, Adorno’s “critical design” justifies the theoretical work precisely on the basis of the contact of theory with the concrete political and social realities. In this article I refer above all to some of Adorno’s lectures that have been collected in the most recent volume of his <em>Posthumous Works</em> (<em>Nachgelassene Schriften</em>). The aim is to show that “critical design” has better chances to intervene in the public sphere.</p> Oliver Kozlarek Copyright (c) 2020 Oliver Kozlarek Wed, 23 Dec 2020 17:36:45 +0000 Memories of the daily life of Italian immigrants in Puebla from the semiotic analysis of photographic albums <p class="p1">During much of the 20th century, photography in the area of ​​social science and humanities research was used only to illustrate and demonstrate field work, that is, photography was used as visual support. Over the years it began to be considered as the main source of research to analyze and interpret social phenomena from different disciplinary perspectives. Based on a visual corpus selected from family albums of an Italian-Mexican family from the town of Chipilo de Francisco Javier Mina in the state of Puebla in Mexico, the present work shows the analysis and interpretation of these photographs through the use of semiotics, based on Silva and Visa’s proposal, to identify the relevance of identity and the importance of the elements of daily life among the inhabitants of said population. From the photographs, the main activities of daily life and the way in which, through the recovery of memory, contributes to the strengthening of identity as well as the identification and preservation of the cultural heritage of Italian-Mexicans in Mexico are shown.</p> Verónica Vázquez Valdés Copyright (c) 2020 Verónica Vázquez Valdés Wed, 23 Dec 2020 00:25:41 +0000 Last insular penal colony in Latin America: Marias Islands, Mexico (1905-2010) <p class="p1">There is a lack of studies about the insular penal colonies of Latin America, which date from the mid-19th and 20th centuries. This article studies the last insular penal colony, the Federal Penal Colony Islas Marias, in Mexico, founded in 1905 and closed in 2010. Due to the vast period of operation, 105 years, we only study two aspects: Its founding process (1905) and its legal justification for the penalty of relegation (1908), which gave shape to the model of insular penal colony to operate it. The objective of this research is to support the historical knowledge of these insular penal colonies that served for the work of the penitentiary in Latin America. The qualitative and historical research type method was applied. The results provide that in Mexico, like in other young Latin American republics from the 18th century, were replicated the European models, specifically the Spanish model of the 19th century, for the creation of their insular penal colonies.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> Evangelina Avilés Copyright (c) 2020 Evangelina Avilés Wed, 23 Dec 2020 00:11:23 +0000 Labour and consumption. A new opportunity for capitalism resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic <p class="p1">The article presents a philosophical discussion about how the economic restructuring after the COVID-19 recession is based on two main factors: labour precariousness and consumption stimulation. From a review of data and literature about global economic growth and incomes from big companies like Amazon, it is possible to suggest that capitalism is facing a decline yet not a structural crisis. Nonetheless, labour after the outbreak is damaged by the application of flexibilization and informality – particularly telecommuting and immaterial labour – as seen in countries like Ecuador, Italy, India, and United States. Also, companies and governments are calling for a boost of consumption to save the economy based on fiscal policies, consumerism, and a ‘cleaning’ of consumption. In conclusion, a theoretical alternative is a microphysics of struggle understood as a politicization of the private space and a re-definition of labour as a material activity that requires better conditions for workers. <span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> Marco Ambrosi De la Cadena Copyright (c) 2020 Marco Ambrosi De la Cadena Tue, 22 Dec 2020 23:54:00 +0000 Socio-cultural disadvantages and cumulative deficits: which education can fight inequalities? <p class="p1">This article focuses on identifying the root causes of educational problems before starting “educational treatment” It starts from the premise that prevention is better than cure since it avoids further damage and is a way to prevent the problem from getting worse. Prevention understood as early action, which takes advantage of adequate planning and programming processes, keeps us away from the dangers of school failure, and guarantees us “cultural health”. Through a contrasted and comparative methodology, it was possible to analyze and interpret the sources that inform a review of the literature, with the objective of understanding how students should be helped at an early stage if they do not have the necessary conditions to face their path of acquisition. The aim is to prevent teachers from “returning” responsibilities once the damage is done, by compensating and treating the “deficit” and creating favorable conditions before starting the new segment of education. The article addresses these problems by trying to focus attention on the cumulative capacity of the “difficulty” to consolidate and grow, making subsequent compensatory interventions more problematic in their effects.</p> Antonella Nuzzaci Copyright (c) 2020 Antonella Nuzzaci Tue, 22 Dec 2020 22:29:21 +0000