Religación 2024-03-02T00:02:15+00:00 Roberto Simbaña Open Journal Systems <p><strong>RELIGACIÓN</strong> (ISSN 2477-9083), is a multidisciplinary electronic scientific journal edited by the Centro <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CICSHAL-RELIGACION</a>, (a center associated to Latin American Council of Social Sciences <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CLACSO</a>), focused on the intersectional dialogue of social sciences and humanities.</p> <div id="gtx-trans" style="position: absolute; left: 487px; top: 12.6667px;"> <div class="gtx-trans-icon">&nbsp;</div> </div> Regular Micro Importers and Their Impact on Customs Tax Payments in Manta 2024-02-28T03:25:32+00:00 Cristopher Leonardo Naranjo Ávila Carmen Liliana Mera Plaza <p>International trade is a vital component of the global economy, and micro importers play a significant role in this landscape. The general objective of this study is to analyze the incidence of regular micro importers in customs tax payments in Manta, Ecuador. To conduct this study, a mixed methodology was employed, combining quantitative analysis of customs records with qualitative analysis of interviews. A descriptive-correlational design was used to examine the incidence of tax payments by micro importers. The sample included 50 participants selected through stratified sampling. During the research process, statistical techniques and thematic content analysis were applied. The results obtained in this study shed light on the complexity of international trade in the context of micro importers in Manta. They emphasize the importance of adaptability and strategic management as key tools to address emerging trends and challenges in this highly dynamic market. Furthermore, the results highlight the need for policies that balance risk and growth, as well as the relevance of efficient logistics and facilitating fiscal policies to support micro importers. Ultimately, this study concludes by emphasizing the interconnection of various commercial variables and advocating for a holistic approach in the formulation of strategies and regulations. These findings provide a comprehensive understanding of the situation of micro importers in Manta and offer valuable guidance for the development of effective trade policies and strategies in the context of international trade and customs operations.</p> 2024-02-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Cristopher Leonardo Naranjo Ávila, Carmen Liliana Mera Plaza Aortic stenosis: clinical case 2024-02-28T01:59:23+00:00 Mayra Pauta Alejandra Ortega Gloria Pogyo <p>Aortic stenosis is a degenerative disease, which occurs more frequently in people over 65 years of age, and it is the most frequent cause of heart valve replacement. Its incidence has been increasing, and is related to increased morbidity and mortality, and over the years the management of this disease has been changing. The objective was to determine the management of aortic stenosis in order to present new or instructive aspects of the disease in a clinical case. The methodology applied in this research is qualitative, descriptive and prospective, we worked with a clinical case of a patient with aortic stenosis who is treated in a hospital in the city of Cuenca, for this purpose we reviewed his medical history. The history of her current disease describes that for 3 years she has been attended by cardiology with the detection of a systolic murmur in the aortic focus which has been followed up. In addition, he has been presenting difficulty to ambulate, presents sudden onset retrosternal pain of strong intensity of oppressive character irradiated to the left lower limb and mandibular region with concomitant sudden loss of consciousness, as well as medical interdisciplinarity in the care of the elderly is of vital importance when it is decided to submit them to surgical procedures such as valve implantation for the management of the disease, since it ensures control over the patient’s evolution leading to better postoperative results with a faster recovery and with a minimum of complications.</p> 2024-02-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Mayra Pauta, Alejandra Ortega, Gloria Pogyo Cardiac patient with asystole: a case report 2024-02-28T01:59:25+00:00 Magaly Luna María Morgado Gloria Pogyo <p style="font-weight: 400;">Asystole, or cardiac arrest, is the cessation of a person's heart at this time, timing is very important, action must be taken immediately, and appropriate treatment prescribed. Asystole is caused by diseases and conditions that may be specific to the heart (coronary heart disease) or non-cardiac (trauma, hemorrhage, asphyxia, and intoxication). The objective is to determine the management of patients with asystole to introduce new or educational aspects of the disease. The methodology used was a retrospective descriptive method with a clinical history collection technique that reviewed pathological history, personal history, signs and symptoms, cause of asystole and treatment given to the patient. The results based on the review of the clinical history of the patient with asystole, it was found that it was a paralysis of systemic functions caused by changes in the cardiac muscle, so maneuvers were performed to resuscitate the heart, but in the second episode he did not overcome it, the asystole continued, and the patient died. The conclusions that this study provided all the legal basis for data collection, identity preserved in all claims, supported by scientific verification Scopus, Pubmed for relevant discussion. Eventually, it was concluded that only one in 100 people suffering from asystole will die.</p> 2024-02-24T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Magaly Luna, María Morgado, Gloria Pogyo Third degree atrioventricular block: clinical case 2024-02-29T23:30:47+00:00 Fernanda Loaiza María Morgado Xavier Yambay <p style="font-weight: 400;">Atrioventricular block (AVB) is a cardiac electrical disorder characterized by impaired conduction from the atria to the ventricles. The aim of this article is to report the clinical case of a patient with symptomatic third-degree AVB and to review the literature on risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment.&nbsp; The methodology applied was an observational, descriptive, retrospective study. A literature search was performed in: Google Scholar, PubMed, Science Direct and Scielo of studies from the last five years in Spanish and English. Thirty-six publications were selected. The most frequent risk factors were hypertension, advanced age, male sex, marked bradycardia, etc.&nbsp; Diagnosis is based on electrocardiogram to determine AVB, transthoracic echocardiogram. Treatment requires implantation of a definitive pacemaker (PM), concluding that it is important to periodically monitor the functioning of the implanted PM to prevent complications.</p> 2024-02-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Fernanda Loaiza, María Morgado, Xavier Yambay Initial teacher training and education for global citizenship at the university level 2024-03-02T00:02:15+00:00 Alier Ortiz Portocarrero Violeta Leonor Romero Carrión <p>The alignment of initial teacher training with the necessary competencies for globally-oriented education is crucial for achieving an equitable and just society. The aim of this study is to analyze the relationship between initial teacher training and global citizenship education. It is a basic research with an ex post facto design and correlation analysis. A Likert-type questionnaire was administered to a sample of 99 teacher education students from a private university in Lima, Peru. The results, analyzed using the Spearman’s Rho test, reveal a significant correlation (p=0.000) with a high strength (rs = 0.512) between teacher training and global citizenship. Moreover, specific correlations were identified between dimensions of these two variables, relating to the curriculum, support, skills, knowledge, and attitudes. In conclusion, it is established that an improvement in teacher preparation translates into a strengthening of knowledge, skills, and values of global citizenship, essential elements for promoting social justice through education.</p> 2024-02-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Alier Ortiz Portocarrero, Violeta Leonor Romero Carrión