Religación. Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades 2022-05-19T18:06:59+00:00 Roberto Simbaña Open Journal Systems <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>RELIGACIÓN Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades</strong> (ISSN 2477-9083), is an electronic scientific journal edited by the Centro de Investigaciones en Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades desde América Latina <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CICSHAL-RELIGACION</a>, (a center associated to Latin American Council of Social Sciences <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CLACSO</a>), focused on the intersectional dialogue of social sciences and humanities.</p> <p>Religación publishes in open access under Creative Commons license (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) in Spanish, English, and Portuguese. Each article is identified with a DOI (Digital Object Identifier System) number. The journal adheres to open access policies, so all published articles can be viewed and downloaded free of charge.</p> <p><strong>RELIGACIÓN</strong> uses the double-blind peer review system, as well as the continuous publication system so that the articles that pass the different phases are published immediately and entered in one of the <strong>four issues</strong> published each year (January-March, April-June, July-September, October-December). It has 4 sections: Dossier, General, South-South and Book Reviews.&nbsp;</p> <div>Based in Quito-Ecuador (South America), it is aimed at professionals, researchers, teachers and students of the different branches of the Social Sciences and Humanities.</div> <div>Types of articles: all articles submitted to Religación must be original, written in English, Spanish or Portuguese, they can be research articles, case studies, theoretical articles and/or review articles.</div> Dynamics of Identity Construction among the Ethnic Communities in Darfur: A Conflict-based Perspective 2022-05-18T03:46:13+00:00 Abdelrahim Hamid Mugaddam Dhawi Sali Gari <p class="p1">This paper investigates dynamics adopted by nine ethnolinguistic communities affected by the current conflict in South Darfur State to construct their ethnic identities. Qualitative data were obtained via focus group discussions, interviews, posters from the landscape, and observation over a period spanning from 2012 to 2013. The findings show that, firstly, there were unprecedented micro-interethnic identity construction dynamics across the study area. Secondly, within these interethnic identities, there were also emerging intra-ethnic identities – all spurred by the wholesale community ethnicisation processes. Thirdly, revitalization of ethnolinguistic identity was found to be the major tool employed by the communities under study, with varying degrees, to establish their distinct identities. Fourthly, ethnolinguistic identities constructed varied from one group to another, ranging from ‘strong’ to ‘moderate’ and ‘weak’, depending on the community’s ethnolinguistic vitality. The paper concluded that the major factor in the emergence of these micro inter- or intra-ethnic identities was the current conflict in Darfur.</p> 2022-05-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Abdelrahim Hamid Mugaddam, Dhawi Sali Gari Bono de Desarrollo Humano. Exploratory analysis from the perspective of the beneficiaries of Loja canton 2022-05-18T04:18:26+00:00 Diana Paola Morocho Pasaca Lenin Ernesto Peláez Moreno Jesús Raquel Padilla Andrade Johanna Maribel Ochoa Herrera Julio César Granda Pardo <p class="p1">The article aims to analyze the effect of conditional cash transfers in Ecuador, which is a tool used to improve the levels of extreme poverty. It is also intended through research to identify whether it really benefits its recipients in Loja canton and the actual use of the voucher in families. We seek to draw attention to the dimensions of implementation and design of BDH programs that require further research, for this reason, we consider some relevant aspects from its allocation to the targeting of consumption, in a context of territoriality. An exploratory method with a mixed perspective is used, also using a qualitative approach that is relevant in the collection of information, which is integrated with a comparative descriptive analysis with studies of previous research applied to a sample of sixty people who respond to questions such as: How do you use the BDH money? How long do you receive the Bono? &nbsp;How do you rate the Bono process? The results show that women focus their spending on food, while men use it mostly for health and others. The average time they receive the voucher is between 1 and 10 years, a parameter that draws attention to whether the transfer really allows its beneficiaries to escape from extreme poverty.</p> 2022-05-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Diana Paola Morocho Pasaca, Lenin Ernesto Peláez Moreno, Jesús Raquel Padilla Andrade, Johanna Maribel Ochoa Herrera, Julio César Granda Pardo Validation of a questionnaire about family leisure practices 2022-05-19T17:59:32+00:00 José Santiago Álvarez-Muñoz Mª Ángeles Hernández-Prados <p class="p1">Family leisure is acquiring a prominence in the socio-educational field that is reflected in the volume of scientific studies, however, quantitative instruments, mainly focused on measuring the frequency of activity, are insufficient. In view of this, this paper presents the steps followed for the design and validation process of an initial questionnaire composed of 73 items through the participation of 14 expert judges in research methodology. Thus, the initial instrument, each of the items, was subjected to an evaluation based on three key criteria: adequacy, relevance and clarity. Most of the items obtained values close to perfection in the three descriptors, with the exception of a few that were modified in wording, expanded with clarifications or exemplifications, or directly eliminated. Finally, once the assessments, both qualitative and quantitative, were analyzed and considered, the final version of the questionnaire was designed, consisting of 50 items grouped into six dimensions, obtaining high reliability indices both in general and specifically in each of its dimensions. This study of a methodological nature contributes to the sophistication of the field of leisure research and encourages researchers in this field to disseminate methodological findings in this regard.</p> 2022-05-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 José Santiago Álvarez-Muñoz, Mª Ángeles Hernández-Prados Teacher willingness to adopt a constructivist and critical pedagogical model in Ecuador 2022-05-19T18:06:59+00:00 Miguel Ángel Herrera-Pavo José Daniel Espinosa-Rodríguez Ana Verónica Orellana-Navarrete Yadhira Espinoza-Weaver Víctor H. Valencia <p class="p1">This work identifies the strengths and weaknesses of Ecuadorian public teaching regarding implementing a pedagogical model. A questionnaire was applied that explored the teaching practices related to the conception, planning, development, and evaluation of teaching and learning in public educational institutions from a socio-constructivist and critical model. After validating the content by a panel of experts and the piloting of the instrument, the questionnaire was applied to a representative sample of public primary and secondary teachers, who classified the pedagogical practices according to their preferences. These ranked data were treated using multidimensional analysis, cluster analysis, and an insertion classification rank model. The results show the disposition towards the design and development of teaching and learning activities based on inquiry, flexible and open proposals and diversified materials, adherence to continuous training, and poor assessment of collaborative counselling and reflective practice. Many teachers are anchored in traditional, transmissive pedagogy, especially when they lack professional experience. Among the weaknesses, the attachment to continuous training and rejection of the mentoring model, based on collaborative counselling proposals, and reflective practice, as a means of professional growth within the community of practice, represent an obstacle to the implementation of the model that the Ministry of Education must overcome through the design of specific policies.</p> 2022-05-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Miguel Ángel Herrera-Pavo, José Daniel Espinosa-Rodríguez, Ana Verónica Orellana-Navarrete, Yadhira Espinoza-Weaver, Víctor H. Valencia Claim response model and its impact on the financial indicators in insurance companies in Cuenca, 2017-2020 period 2022-05-05T02:12:14+00:00 Yolanda Michelle Chinchilima Quezada María Gabriela Lanche Capa Janice Ordóñez Parra <p>Currently, insurance companies rely on response models for claims, a tool that verifies the real-time status of their insured's mishaps, forcing companies to improve processes, guidelines, and customer service. The objective of this article is to establish guidelines and strategies that help the current claim reception model and provide a prompt response and solution to them, through financial indicators for the years 2017-2020. For this purpose, a character approach was used: quantitative, descriptive, explanatory and longitudinal; with the help of statements of financial situation of the Company "Seguros Alianza" to suggest aspects to improve, thus setting a precedent for the different insurance companies; The results showed the importance of a continuous improvement in the processes, renewing their perception in society, due to the ability to generate benefits, reflected by the liquidity indicator, which presented a result of 0.18, demonstrating that its liquid assets covered its short-term obligations, with respect to the solvency indicator, 1.6 was obtained, evidencing the ability to meet its payment commitments, in terms of Roe it reflects 92.25% for the periods studied, which means that it can cover its liabilities and to be a fundamental basis for correct decision-making by managers, as well as for their analysis of the viability of the investment, for which a standard model is proposed for the handling and adequate response of claims for the different insurance companies.</p> 2022-05-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Yolanda Michelle Chinchilima Quezada, María Gabriela Lanche Capa, Janice Ordóñez Parra