Religación 2023-09-29T20:38:37+00:00 Roberto Simbaña Open Journal Systems <p><strong>RELIGACIÓN</strong> (ISSN 2477-9083), is a multidisciplinary electronic scientific journal edited by the Centro <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CICSHAL-RELIGACION</a>, (a center associated to Latin American Council of Social Sciences <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CLACSO</a>), focused on the intersectional dialogue of social sciences and humanities.</p> <div id="gtx-trans" style="position: absolute; left: 487px; top: 12.6667px;"> <div class="gtx-trans-icon">&nbsp;</div> </div> Innovation as a strategic factor in the competitiveness of tourism companies in Latacunga canton 2023-09-29T20:38:37+00:00 Oscar Andrés Vargas Riera Alisva de los Angeles Cárdenas Pérez <p style="font-weight: 400;">The tourism sector plays a fundamental role in the economic development of the region, making it crucial for tourism companies to be capable of adapting and competing in an increasingly dynamic and demanding environment. The present research report arises from the necessity to determine whether the innovation carried out by these types of companies constitutes a strategic factor in their competitiveness. The need to study their current reality was identified, as the lack of awareness regarding this factor limits potential interventions in key areas that restrict market growth compared to other types of companies. The research employs a non-experimental, cross-sectional, and correlational approach, meaning that a phenomenon is observed in its natural environment without interfering with variables. A descriptive and correlational approach is utilized, along with a quantitative approach and a hypothesis test to analyze the relationship between innovation and competitiveness. Additionally, it was identified that the key types of innovation in tourism companies are those related to technology, highlighting the necessity of intervening in these aspects to enhance their competitiveness.</p> 2023-10-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Oscar Andrés Vargas Riera, Alisva de los Angeles Cárdenas Pérez Analysis of guadua cane as a sustainable construction material for the development of ecotourism in the Ecuadorian Amazon 2023-09-26T23:34:35+00:00 Wilfrido Marco Calle Chuinda Trajano Javier González Redrován Manuel Salvador Alvarez Vera <p>Guadua cane is a sustainable building material that has been used since ancient times in many regions of the world. This review aims to analyze its use as a construction material in the development of ecotourism in the Ecuadorian Amazon. To this end, secondary sources were analyzed to determine the state of the art of constructions with guadua cane and its mechanical resistance. The construction characteristics of guadua cane were compared with typical building materials, and the architectural characteristics of tourist buildings were identified to establish their feasibility for construction with guadua cane, a systematic review was carried out. It is concluded that guadua cane is a sustainable, resistant, and cost-effective building material that can be used in tourist buildings in the Ecuadorian Amazon.</p> 2023-09-26T23:34:09+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Wilfrido Marco Calle Chuinda, Trajano Javier González Redrován, Manuel Salvador Alvarez Vera Categorization of self-regenerating materials and their application in architectural construction in the city of Quito, Ecuador 2023-09-26T06:03:37+00:00 Jakelyne Arcos-Tana Jefferson Torres-Quezada <p style="font-weight: 400;">Self-healing or self-regenerating materials have the ability to repair and regenerate their internal structure. This developing technology has the potential to increase the durability and lifespan of structures in construction, while lowering maintenance costs and reducing environmental impact. According to bibliographical reviews and studies carried out in Quito, the use of self-regenerating materials in construction can provide a solution to the problems of fissures and cracks that are the most common in the construction of buildings in the city, this because Quito is located in an area of ​​high seismic activity and constant weather variables. The studies showed that the use of self-regenerating materials in construction has a high potential to improve the durability and useful life of construction structures, in addition to expanding awareness of sustainability and reducing the environmental effect of construction waste. The use of self-regenerating materials can be a solution that largely mitigates this problem.</p> 2023-09-26T06:02:04+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Jakelyne Arcos-Tana, Jefferson Torres-Quezada Impact of gender stereotypes and their incidence on students' mental image of mathematicians: an analysis in the educational context 2023-09-19T02:53:03+00:00 Edison Roberto Valencia Nuñez Adriana Paola Toscano Palomo Jorge Santiago Terán Vaca Jefferson Ramiro Frías Moyón Eber Jardiel Pérez Zúñiga <p style="font-weight: 400;">This research article addresses the problem that arises when students construct a mental image of mathematicians based on social and gender stereotypes. The objective of the study is to identify what image the university students have about the qualities that mathematicians have and their influence on the taste for mathematics, student performance and future decisions. The methodology used was mixed: qualitative and quantitative, and cross-sectional, with a descriptive scope of correlational type; the research design is field research, since a survey was applied to a sample of 357 students from the faculties of Engineering and social sciences. The main results obtained describe the perception of mathematicians who are mostly men and possess a notable attribute of seriousness. It is also commonly believed that they tend to wear glasses and comb their hair in a particular way. In addition, the majority of the surveyed population agrees that mathematicians are primarily engaged in teaching. Another finding is the fact that students tend to associate with mathematicians in their family and social circles. They also express their desire to be mathematicians because of their perception of mathematics as a very practical discipline.</p> 2023-09-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Edison Roberto Valencia Nuñez, Adriana Paola Toscano Palomo, Jorge Santiago Terán Vaca, Jefferson Ramiro Frías Moyón, Eber Jardiel Pérez Zúñiga Medical-civil liability for the omission of information in medical records 2023-09-15T20:07:48+00:00 Karla Estefanía Buenaño Taboada Sergio Hernando Castillo Galvis <p>This article discusses the medical and legal aspects of medical practice, particularly the importance of medical records or medical history in the context of medical liability and legal cases. The medical record is defined as a medical document created to record all medical procedures performed on a patient and to facilitate patient care, so it must be complete, sequential, clear, legible, understandable, corrected if necessary, and truthful. Omission of information, including falsification of data or omission of important information, can have negative consequences for patients and medical professionals, so it is also used as evidence in legal cases, and its completeness and accuracy are essential in court. The type of research is qualitative and descriptive. The results were obtained after the analysis of sentences, where it was possible to conclude that omitting information from medical records can have significant consequences both for the quality of medical care and for medical liability, making it difficult to defend oneself in lawsuits.</p> 2023-09-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Karla Estefanía Buenaño Taboada, Sergio Hernando Castillo Galvis