A study on residential houses using shape grammar (case study: Houses of Pahlavi era in Tehran Province)
This article aims to explain a new model and achieve a basic pattern for the shape of houses using shape grammar. This study is a qualitative research based on description, explanation and interpretation. Phenomenological research is one of the most widely used traditions of qualitative research. The phenomenological method of this study is based on van Manen’s methodology. The data analysis is conducted using shape grammar. In shape grammar process, the data are the houses selected by the researcher (five houses of Pahlavi era in Tehran). Finally, the main themes of research, e.g. connection to environment, calm, happiness and separation from everyday life, are extracted from spaces such as the Iwan (porch), basement, Howzkhaneh (spring house), green space, Hashti (vestibule) and Shahneshin (alcove room). Eventually, new patterns are created using shape grammar process in the decision tree. After understanding the concept, the basic shape pattern is created using shape grammar. Thus, the role of user in architectural quality of space and its types and evaluation of language pattern are identified by gathering the literature and researches, deepening the views of experts and architects and classifying them as introversion, privacy and types and typology.
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