Improving narrative writing in ESL Classroom using picture series

  • Fetylyana Nor Pazilah Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia - Malaysia
  • Harwati Hashim Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia - Malaysia
  • Melor Md Yunus Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia - Malaysia
  • Karmila Rafiqah M. Rafiq Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia - Malaysia
Keywords: Picture series, visual aids, narrative writing, creative thinking, Process Approach, motivation.


21st century learning creates a huge wave as more visual aids were added as teaching materials and one of it would be using picture series. This study was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of picture series on narrative writing. A total of 30 form one students from a secondary school were chosen as the participants. Pre-test and post-test were given to the students in order to accumulate the results. The results showed improvement in students’ writing after the treatments were conducted. Picture series enhanced students’ thinking and language skills. Picture series also helped students in developing a better storyline. Picture series can be manipulated suited to the conditions in the classrooms.  Hence, this study shows the importance of using visual aids, such as picture series, manage to improve students’ narrative writing skill.  This study implied to all teachers as a suggested teaching material. Future studies can look into the students’ perceptions of using picture series in an ESL classroom.


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Author Biography

Fetylyana Nor Pazilah, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia - Malaysia

Corresponding author. Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia


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How to Cite
Nor Pazilah, F., Hashim, H., Yunus, M. M., & Rafiqah M. Rafiq, K. (2019). Improving narrative writing in ESL Classroom using picture series . Religación. Revista De Ciencias Sociales Y Humanidades, 4(21), 118-123. Retrieved from