Tun Mahathir’s administration of Malaysia’s relationship with Bangladesh: A preliminary appraisal
This study examines the pertinency and materiality of Malaysia’s affiliation with Bangladesh. It presents the picture of deep reciprocal relationships in trading and investment, workforce issues, and the societal, religious and cultural exchange between Malaysia and Bangladesh that deserve elevated research to get ideas of a further snapshot. The historiographic approach and literature-based qualitative method apply to this research and uses written primary and secondary sources to gather information. Several published texts and archival documents examine to achieve the objective. In terms of significance, the result of this study would craft a narrative of a new spear of the economic relationships, societal circumstance, and cultural contact that especially evident during Tun Mahathir administration when he served Malaysia as the fourth Prime Minister that would deserve supplementary study. Furthermore, it would serve to understand the characteristics of the subsequent engagements of Malaysia with Bangladesh.
Abdul-Aziz, A. R. (2001). Bangladeshi Migrant Workers in Malaysia’s Construction Sector. Asia-Pacific Population Journal, 16(1), 3-84. https://doi.org/10.18356/e085943a-en
Ahmad, A. (1985). Tengku Abdul Rahman and Malaysia’s Foreign Policy 1963-1970. Berita Publishing.
Ayoob, M. (1987). Southeast Asia in Indian Foreign Policy: Some Preliminary Observations. Contemporary Southeast Asia, 9(1), 1-11.
Bangladesh, E. o. (1978, May 1). News in Brief. Bangladesg-A Fortnightly News Bulletin.
BMET. (2020). Overseas Employment and Remittances from 1976-2020. BMET. https://cutt.ly/3YB3a9q
Bowie, P. (2006). A Tribute-Tun Mahathir Mohamad: The Foreign Policy of Dr Mahathir between 1981 and 2003 that Put Malaysia on the Global Map. Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Malaysia.
Chakravarty, S. R. (1994). Foreign Policy of Bangladesh (S. R. Chakravarty, Ed.). Anand Publications.
Chandola, H. (1972). Bangladesh’s First Contacts with South-East Asia. Economic and Political Weekly, 7(26), 1224-1225.
Colachal, A. R. (2008). Bangladesh-Malaysia Ties. Asian Tribune. http://www.asiantribune.com/node/10969
Conflict, I. f. P. A. o. (2017). How Southeast Asian and Bangladeshi Extremism Intersect.
Dhillon, K. S. (2009). Malaysian Foreign Policy in the Mahathir Era 1981-2003- Dilemmas of Development. NUS Press.
Economics, T. (2020). Bangladesh imports from Malaysia. December. Trading Economics. https://tradingeconomics.com/bangladesh/imports/malaysia
Federation, M. E. (2014). Practical Guidelines for Employers on the Recruitment, Placement, Employment, Repatriation of Foreign Workers in Malaysia. Malaysian Employers Federation
Fukushima, A. (1999). Japanese Foreign Policy: The Emerging Logic of Multilateralism. Palgrave Macmillan.
Haque, M. S. (2004). Identity in Conflict: Image and Reality of Bangladeshis in Malaysia. BRAC University Journal, 1(1), 53-62.
Harkins, B. (2016). Review of labour migration policy in Malaysia. International Labour Office
Hasan, S. (1983). Foreign Policy of Bangladesh-II. Pakistan Horizon, 36(4), 65-93.
Hellmich, S. N. (2015). What is Socioeconomics? An Overview of Theories, Methods, and Themes in the Field. Journal Forum for Social Economics, 46(1), 3-25. https://doi.org/10.1080/07360932.2014.999696
Islam, M. N. (1989). Pakistan and Malaysia-A Comparative Study in National Integration. Sterling Publishers.
Jeshurun, C. (2007). Malaysia: Fifty Years of Diplomacy 1957-2007. The Other press.
Khalid, K. M. (2010). Malaysian Foreign Policy Orientation and Relations in the Post-Mahathir Years. In H. Basri & M. H (Eds.), Malaysia in Global Perspective (pp. 306-336). Cairo University Press.
Khan, S. A., Mahi, M., Zainuddin, M., & Islam, E. (2020). At What Costs? A Proposal for Estimating Migration Costs in the Bangladesh-Malaysia Corridor. Cambridge Open Engage https://doi.org/10.33774/coe-2020-4rt46
Komoguchi, Y. (2000). Transformation of rural communities in Asia : A geographical perspective from village studies in Bangladesh and Malaysia. Dr. Yoshimi Komoguchi Memorial Publication Committee
Leong, H. K., & Chin, J. (2001). Mahathir’s Administration - Performance and Crisis in Governance (H. K. Leong & J. Chin, Eds.). Times Books International.
Majumdar, R. C. (1971). History of Ancient Bengal. G. Bharadwaj & Co.
Malaysia, M. o. F. (1983). Visit of the Prime Minister to Bangladesh. Journal of Foreign Affairs Malaysia, 16(2), 120.
Malaysia, M. o. F. A. (1973). Dairy of Events. Journal of Foreign Affairs Malaysia, 5(1), 109.
Malaysia, M. o. F. A. (1983). Visit of the Prime Minister to Bangladesh. Journal of Foreign Affairs Malaysia, 16(2), 116-119.
Malaysia, M. o. F. A. (1986). Diary of Events. Journal of Foreign Affairs Malaysia, 19(4), 100.
Malaysia, M. o. F. A. (1994). Visit by the Prime Minister of Bangladesh. Journal of Foreign Affairs Malaysia, 27(4), 1.
Malaysia, M. o. F. A. (1997). Diary of Events. Journal Foreign Affairs Malaysia, 30(3), 103.
Malaysia, M. o. F. A. (2020). Malaysia’s Foreign Policy. Official Portal. Ministry of Foreign Affairs Malaysia. https://www.kln.gov.my/web/guest/foreign-policy
Malaysia, N. A. (2021). Bangladesh Prime Minister, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Visit to Malaysia. National Archive Malaysia. http://ofa.arkib.gov.my/ofa/group/asset/1383971
Malaysia, N. A. (1974). The General King, Visit to Bangladesh, Arrival Celebration at Dhaka Airport; 12/03/1974. National Archive Malaysia. http://ofa.arkib.gov.my/ofa/group/asset/1383117
Milner, A., & Kasim, S. M. (2018). Beyond Sovereignty: Non-Western International Relations in Malaysia’s Foreign Relations. Contemporary Southeast Asia, 40(3), 371-396. https://doi.org/10.1355/cs40-3b
MITI, M. o. I. T. a. I. (2020, June 12, 2021). Investment Guarantee Agreement (IGAs). Ministry of International Trade and Industry https://www.miti.gov.my/miti/resources/auto%20download%20images/5567e05bd5d9d.pdf
Molla, R. I., Murad, M. W., & Alam, A. M. (2013). Development Issues, Policies and Actions: Selected Recent Works on Malaysia and Bangladesh. Penerbit Universiti Malaysia.
Murray, S., Sharp, P., Wiseman, G., Criekemans, D., & Melissen, J. (2011). The Present and Future of Diplomacy and Diplomatic Studies. International Studies Review, 13(4), 709-728.
Narain, V. (1987). Foreign Policy of Bangladesh (1971-1981) (V. Narain, Ed.). Aalekh Publishers.
Othman, N. B. (2013). Lecture on Malaysia. In S. S. Ahmed (Ed.), BIISS Country Lecture Series Part 1 (pp. 8-16). Bangladesh Institute of International and Strategic Studies (BIISS).
Pietsch, J., & Clark, M. (2015). Migration and Integration in Europe, Southeast Asia, and Australia : A Comparative Perspective (Global Asia) (J. Pietsch & M. Clark, Eds.). Amsterdam University Press.
Press, A. (2020). Kuala Lumpur Bangladesh President. Associate Press. http://www.aparchive.com/metadata/youtube/8171b635cfadb0af41b99f0729255ab1
Rana, M. (2013). Malaysia-Bangladesh economic relation: 1971-2010 [MA Dissertation, University of Malaya].
Roy, R. (2016). Political Economy of Labour Migration from Bangladesh: Power, Politics and Contestation [PhD Thesis, University of Adelaide].
Rudnick, A. (1996). Foreign labour in Malaysian manufacturing: Bangladeshi workers in the textile industry. INSAN.
Saravanamuttu, J. (1983). The Delemma of Independence: Two Decades of Malaysia’Foreign Policy, 1959-1977. University Sains Malaysia.
Saravanamuttu, J. (2010). Malaysia’s Foreign Policy the First Fifty Years: Alignment, Neutralism, Islamism. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.
Sarker, M. R. (2016). Migration and Employment: A Study of Bangladeshi Male Migrant Workers in Malaysia. In K. F. Lian, M. M. Rahman, & Y. b. Alas (Eds.), International Migration in Southeast Asia: Continuities and Discontinuities. Springer Singapore.
Shome, A. S. K. (2002). Malay Political Leadership. Routledge Curzon.
Siddiqui, T. (2006). International Labour Migration from Bangladesh: A Decent Work Perspective. International Labour Organization.
Times, T. S. (1979, October 2). Agreement on Economic Cooperation. The Strait Times, 16.
Times, T. S. (1993, February 13). Mahathir Arrives in Dhaka for Short Visit. The Strait Times, 20.
Ullah, A. K. M. A. (2011). Dynamics of remittance practices and development: Bangladeshi overseas migrants. Development in Practice, 21(8), 1153-1167.
Ullah, A. K. M. A. (2016). Rationalizing Migration Decisions: Labour Migrants in East and South-East Asia. Routledge.
Welsh, B. (2004). Reflections the Mahathir Years (B. Welsh, Ed.). Southeast Asia Studies Program.
Copyright (c) 2021 M. Shahidul Islam Khondaker
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.