From the history of collecting Tuvan folk songs: Yrlar and Kozhamyks

Keywords: Tuvan ethnography, Tuvan songs, folklore traditions, Tuvan folk music, yrlar and kozhamyktar


The ancient history and culture of the inhabited tribes of Tuva attracted the attention of travelers, linguists, ethnographers, and musicians, especially in recent decades. The primary recordings of yrlar (tuvan songs) and kozhamyktar (ditties) in the writing sources of scientists contained samples of ancient musical poetry, including images, plots, motifs, and archaic vocabulary. Owing to ethno-cultural values and beliefs of Tuvan people in Southern-Central Siberia it preserved features of relict cultures in music traditions. On the basis of field works conducted in the late 20th Century, via ethnographic, historical, and typological principles of systematic approaches to folklore music genres, all songs were divided into occasional rituals and non-occasional songs, according to musical stylistic characteristics folk songs were classified into long songs uzun yrlar, short songs kyska yrlar and traditional ditties kozhamyktar. Tuvan culture is rich with musical traditions, it includes various song types, melodic recitations, instrumental creativity, calendar, and ritual songs, epic genres, etc. The author considers the development of song art as the most mobile layer, which absorbs all from the surrounding sound world. Songwriting reflects the spiritual experience and national character of the Tuvan ethnos.


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Author Biography

Kira Kyrgys, International Khoomei Academy - Russia

Researcher of Tuvan folklore: interested in Tuvan charms, spells, shamanism, Tuvan songs and cultural anthropology, and photography.


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How to Cite
Kyrgys, K. (2022). From the history of collecting Tuvan folk songs: Yrlar and Kozhamyks. Religación, 7(33), e210944.