Investigation of Morteza Momayez’s Illustrations in Epic of Gilgamesh Based on Julia Kristeva’s Intertextuality Theory
The issue of death and the desire for eternal life is found in the myths of the nations of the world. The myths of Mesopotamia are no exceptions. One of the Mesopotamian myths in which the sorrowful inevitability of death is reflected is the Epic of Gilgamesh. In this myth, Enkidu’s unbelievable death represents the first thoughtful confrontation of a Mesopotamian man with the shocking reality of death, and Gilgamesh’s failed attempt to attain immortality indicates that the ancient Sumerian man accepts the mortality of his kind as an integral part of his destiny and succumbs to it. In the meantime, Ahmad Shamloo’s literary recreation of the epic of Gilgamesh has been studied with Morteza Momayez’s illustration. In this paper, we try to examine the Mesopotamian Epic of Gilgamesh with illustrative representation of Master Momayez (Iranian artist) through an adaptive-analytical approach to Julia Kristeva’s intertextuality theory, which is a new approach. The purpose of this study is to express Kristeva’s view to show a new reading and explanation of the Mesopotamian epic with an explanation and illustration from an Iranian artist. In this regard, the text and its degree of adaptation to the images are examined using intertextual relations. The findings indicate that although these images are illustrated on the basis of Gilgamesh, the Iranian explanation and readability of Momayz can be visible in it.
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