Dynamics of Identity Construction among the Ethnic Communities in Darfur: A Conflict-based Perspective

Keywords: Identity construction; ethnic community; conflict; Darfur; Sudan

Abstract

This paper investigates dynamics adopted by nine ethnolinguistic communities affected by the current conflict in South Darfur State to construct their ethnic identities. Qualitative data were obtained via focus group discussions, interviews, posters from the landscape, and observation over a period spanning from 2012 to 2013. The findings show that, firstly, there were unprecedented micro-interethnic identity construction dynamics across the study area. Secondly, within these interethnic identities, there were also emerging intra-ethnic identities – all spurred by the wholesale community ethnicisation processes. Thirdly, revitalization of ethnolinguistic identity was found to be the major tool employed by the communities under study, with varying degrees, to establish their distinct identities. Fourthly, ethnolinguistic identities constructed varied from one group to another, ranging from ‘strong’ to ‘moderate’ and ‘weak’, depending on the community’s ethnolinguistic vitality. The paper concluded that the major factor in the emergence of these micro inter- or intra-ethnic identities was the current conflict in Darfur.

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Author Biographies

Abdelrahim Hamid Mugaddam, Jouf University - Sudan

Professor of linguistics at Jouf University, Saudi Arabia/Khartoum University, Sudan. Professor Mugaddam has a number of publications in local, regional, and international journals.

Dhawi Sali Gari, Nyala University - Sudan

Associate professor of English language at Nyala University, Sudan. Dr. Gari has a number of publications on different issues related to Linguistics and English language teaching.

 

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Published
2022-05-20
How to Cite
Hamid Mugaddam, A., & Gari, D. S. (2022). Dynamics of Identity Construction among the Ethnic Communities in Darfur: A Conflict-based Perspective . Religación. Revista De Ciencias Sociales Y Humanidades, 7(32), e21920. https://doi.org/10.46652/rgn.v7i32.920